ICMGP 2013 - Exclusive Edinburgh Castle Tour
Archaeological evidence dates first settlement on the site of the castle way back to 900 BC. The castle is steeped in history with sieges, invasions, captures and recaptures. It has been used as a prison to house soldiers captured during the seven years war, the war of American Independence, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. It has been a home to Kings of Scotland and Mary Queen of Scots, gave birth to King James VI of Scotland and I of England and it still holds the Crown Jewels “Honours of Scotland”
ICMGP 2013 has secured an exclusive evening for delegates to explore the castle and its wealth of history.
Enjoy a beverage or two and some light bites with colleagues while you tour round the castle and soak up its atmosphere.
Origins of the castle
Around 900 BC
First archaeological evidence for human settlement on the castle.
Angles capture Din Eidyn and rename it Edinburgh.
Around 1130 Click for more about St Margarets Chapel
David I builds a formidable royal castle on the rock. It includes a chapel dedicated to his mother Queen Margaret, which still stands.
Click for more about St Margarets Chapel
Edward I of England invades Scotland, capturing the castle after a three-day siege.
The Scots, led by Thomas Randolph, one of Robert the Bruce’s generals, recapture the castle.
The English retake the castle.
The Scots take it back again
1457 Click for more about Mons Meg
The giant cannon Mons Meg arrives in the castle, a gift to James II.
Click for more about Mons Meg
1494 to 1540
The Sceptre and the Sword of State are presented to James IV by successive popes. The Honours of Scotland are completed when the Crown is made in its present form for James V.
Mary Queen of Scots gives birth in the castle to her only child, the future King James VI of Scotland and I of England.
1615 to 1617
The Royal Palace is extensively renovated for James VI’s visit to his birthplace for his 50th anniversary as king of Scots.
Charles I is the last monarch to sleep in the castle, on the night before his coronation as King of Scotland.
Having overthrown and executed Charles I, Oliver Cromwell invades Scotland and captures the castle.
1651 to 1660
The Honours of Scotland (Crown, Sword and Sceptre) are buried near Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, to save them from Cromwell
Prince Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) fails to capture the castle during the fifth and last Jacobite Rising. This is the castle’s last siege.
1757 to 1814 Click for more about Prisons of War Exhibition
Thousands of prisoners of war – captured during the Seven Years War, the War of American Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars – are held in the castle.
Click for more about Prisons of War Exhibition
George IV visits the castle, the first ruling sovereign to do so in 189 years.
1941 to 1945 Click for more about Honours of Scotland
The Honours of Scotland are secretly buried in David’s Tower, incase of German invasion.
Click for more about Honours of Scotland
The first Edinburgh Military Tattoo is held on the Castle Esplanade
1996 Click for more about Stone of Destiny
The Stone of Destiny is returned to Scotland and put on permanent display in the castle.
Click for more about Stone of Destiny
Edinburgh Castle becomes the single most important building in the Edinburgh Old and New Town World Heritage Site.
The castle is Edinburgh’s most popular attraction, with more than 1.25 million visitors a year.
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